Young Student and Development in Turkey

It’s something of a cultural and sociological truism that schools in any society function as agents of social control and cultural transmission. In this way, while pursuing their distinctive educational goals, they serve to reproduce the social relations of a society. It is because of this that education also reproduces the contradictions and divisions which […]


The structure of social inequality in both Ottoman Turkey of the nineteenth century and republican Turkey has been described. In essence, the discussion showed that, in contrast to Western capitalist society, the Ottoman Empire was a social formation which lacked a strong entrepreneurial bourgeousie which possessed political power. During the course of the 2nd half […]